translation

translatio studii et imperii: the notion (hope?) that both culture and the ambitions of empire were being carried over in the translation of texts (a notion enacted by Vergil himself).

William Caxton‘s Eneydos (1490) is technically the first English Aeneid, although it based on a French paraphrase; Gavin Douglas‘ Scots The XIII buiks o Eneados (c. 1513) includes a Prologue that offers “directions for reading.” Other translations from from Douglas to Denham are surveyed by Robin SowerbyEvelyn W. Adkins examines “translations of Book VI by Gavin Douglas, Thomas Phaer, John Dryden, C. Day Lewis, Robert Fitzgerald, Allen Mandelbaum, and Stanley Lombardo.” Sheldon Brammell has a study of “the English translations of the Aeneid from 1555 to 1646″; in a recent article, he argues that Marlowe‘s play is “the one, and only, extensive example of a ‘pessimistic’ reading of Virgil’s epic from the English Renaissance.”

In 2011, the Folger Shakespeare Library hosted a conference on “Early Modern Translation: Theory, History, Practice“; in 2009, Oxford’s Center for Early Modern Studies held a colloquium on “The Culture of Translation in Early Modern England and France.”

Holzschnitt

Strasbourg woodcut, c. 1502

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s